Makar Sankranti Festival In India: Celebrating Uttarayan Festival
‘Makar Sankranti’ is a famous festival of Hindus. Makar Sankranti Festival falls in the pleasant cold morning and light sun radiation of mid-January every year. It will be celebrated on Sunday,14 January. This Festival is also known as Uttrayan Festival.
Makar Sankranti Festival Celebration
Makar Sankranti Festival is celebrated on the Saptami of Paush month in the Shukla Paksha according to the Hindu calendar. It is celebrated as the festival of the main harvest time in entire India and Nepal.
This day is also considered an auspicious for taking a sacred bath in the holy rivers and to do charity. Sesame sweets are distributed to the poor people. Makar Sankranti is celebrated by all the people in the country.
Let us know some interesting facts about the Makar Sankranti Festival
Significance of Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti festival is celebrated mainly in the form of worshiping the God Sun.
It is believed that on this day the sun leaves the zodiac sign Sagittarius and enters the zodiac sign Capricorn. This displacement is termed as Sankranti which means transmigration in English.
Zodiac Capricorn means Makar Rashi in the Hindu astrology. Therefore this whole process of migration of sun to Capricorn is termed as Makar Sankranti.
On this day, Sun begins to move towards the north direction. Therefore, for this reason, Makar Sankranti Festival is also known as Uttarayan or Uttrayana.
With this transmigration, the length of the day is increased significantly and the length of the night begins to shorten.
This day is also marked as the day of the beginning of the spring season in our country India.
Facts related to Makar Sankranti Festival
Makar Sankranti is one of the main festivals of Hindus. And the description of this festival is also found in the Puranas ( holy books ).
Some of the main reasons and events that point to this day in the Puranas are as follows
According to the Hindu mythology, on this day the sun goes to the house of his son Shani Dev (Saturn), who is the lord of Capricorn. From an astrological point of view, there is no harmony between Sun and Saturn. That is why this day is celebrated as proximity to the father-son relationship.
Mythological facts associated with Makar Sankranti
It is said that on this day Lord Vishnu had announced the end of the war with Madhu Katbhah. He kept the Mandar Mountain on the shoulder of Madhu and suppressed him. Therefore, Lord Vishnu is also called Madhusudan from this day.
On the day of Makar Sankranti, Gangaji went after Bhagirath and merge into the sea through Kapil Muni’s ashram. It is also said that Maharaj Bhagirath to give peace to his ancestor’s souls brought the river Ganga on the earth. He also offered all the last rituals to his ancestors on this day. After accepting his rituals, River Ganga merged into the sea. Therefore, a fair is held in Ganga Sagar on Makar Sankranti.
The great warrior of Mahabharata, Bhishma Pitamah, had also chosen Makar Sankranti day to renounce his body.
How is Makar Sankranti Festival Celebrated In India
Makar Sankranti festival is also celebrated with great enthusiasm as an International Kite Flying festival in Gujarat. On this day people fly kites. A large number of colorful kite flying events are also organized in many places.
Due to the very low atmospheric temperature during the winter season, our body is likely to catch infections and diseases. Therefore, for this day people cook dishes like chikki, sesame laddu, undhiyu, kachariyu etc which are made with jaggery and sesame. These dishes have the ability to provide warmth to the body in the cold weather. They have all the beneficial nutrients present which is required by our body in winters.
Sacred Bath, Charity, Religious Worship on Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti is also a ‘festival of charity’. The first bath of the Magh Mela starts from Makar Sankranti Festival and runs till the last bath of Shivaratri.
It is believed that on this day, the sun had left his anger and went to his son Shani’s house. This means the sun moved to his son’s ruled zodiac sign Capricorn.
Therefore, this day is considered to be the day of happiness and prosperity. Hence, a sacred bath is done in the holy rivers and donations-charity are made.
Makar Sankranti Festival Celebration In India
India celebrates this festival as the festival of crops and harvesting of crops. Makar Sankranti Festival is celebrated in different ways in different states of the country because of the diversity in culture.
South Indians celebrates this festival as Pongal. It is celebrated in the form of Bihu in Assam. In Haryana and Punjab, it is celebrated as Lohri a day before on 13th January. In Central India, it is celebrated as Sankranti. This festival is called Khichdi in the Uttar Pradesh.
A few days ago, the whole world welcomes the new year and after that, the first festival of the year comes to is the Makar Sankranti Festival which doubles the enthusiasm of the people. Therefore, the significance and happiness of people for this festival is also doubled.
Hope this information on Makar Sankranti Festival was interesting to know for you.
Lastly, Happy Makar Sankranti to all readers.