15 Best Perennial Flower Plants for your Garden
Perennials are those flowering plants or flowers that survive for almost two to three years and they bloom again every year on their own. Today I’m listing here 15 best perennial flower plants that you can have for your garden. Let’s know about them in detail.
Flowering Plants are generally classified into three groups. They are annual plants, biennial plants, and perennial plants. Annual plants are those flowering plants that grow only in their growing season. Biennial plants, as the name suggests, grow and live for their two growing seasons. And perennial plants are those flowering plants that survive for almost two years. Therefore, annual and biennial plants will need more maintenance from you. They grow, produce seeds and flowers and after their growing seasons, they die. You’ll have to pull them out from your garden and grow them once again. While Perennial flowers will grow back every year from its roots and bloom for only one season. Either summer, spring, or fall. Some Perennial flowers develop beneath the sun while some develop well in under the shade.
Reasons to have Perennial flower plants in your garden
- They’re low maintenance plants they are robust and immune to a shortage of water.
- They don’t need much care from you to survive.
- Once you plant them, they grow back again every season from their roots.
- They don’t need replanting.
- They are easy to grow anywhere in your garden.
15 Best Perennial flower plants to have in your garden
The following are the best perennial flower plants that are very easy to grow in pots and gardens.
Marigold, a member of the Tagetes genus, is an annual or perennial flowering plant that belongs to the sunflower family. They’re mainly found in North and South America, but, its other species are also seen across the globe. Its flowers have multi-layers overlapping petals. They’re golden, orange, white, and yellow in colors, sometimes with maroon highlights. It varies from 0.1 meters to 2.2 meters tall in size. These flowers are available for all the seasons but its bloom is at its peak in summers and fall. They grow in any kind of soil, less water, and care. Its also used as a food additive and nutritional supplement in the European Union. This plant can be toxic to dogs if swallowed.
2. Mogra or Jasminum sambac
Mogra or Jasminum sambac is easy to grow a flowering plant that belongs to the species jasmine. It’s an evergreen small shrub or vine which grows in the tropics. Its a native of the eastern Himalayas and neighboring India. These plants are also found in South and Southeast Asia. Jasminum sambac has an oval shape bud that blooms into white flowers with pleasant fragrance only at night. Its size varies from 1.6 feet to 9.8 feet in height. They can grow under full sun and draining rich soil. Mogra or Jasminum sambac is also well known as the Arabian jasmine. Apart from this, it is also well known as Sampaguita, the national flower of the Philippines. It’s also known as Melati Putih, one of the three national flowers of Indonesia. Mogra or Jasminum sambac is widely cultivated for its Medicinal use and for the manufacturing of perfumes. It’s also used to make floral ornaments.
3. Spathiphyllum or Peace Lily
Peace Lily, a well know low maintenance tropical houseplant is also one amongst the evergreen best perennials. It has large leaves and silky white flowers. The peace lily is a shade loving plant that can survive under less sunlight with less water. They can grow up to four feet in height in pots as well as in a garden. According to NASA clean air study peace lily also cleanses the air. The peace lily plants are toxic to cats and dogs if swallowed by them. They can also cause them irritation in their furry skin.
4. Coneflower or Echinacea
Coneflower is a flowering plant that blooms all summer. It’s the best perennial flower that comes in bright purple, pink, white, red, magenta, and orange color. Coneflowers attract both birds and butterflies. They require full sun and loamy soil. They’re mainly found in the regions of eastern and central North America. As per researches, the Extracts of echinacea are found to be helpful in our immune system. It also increases the number of white blood cells that fight infections. Its also used as a natural remedy for colds.
Ixora is a popular flowering plant among gardeners. It is an evergreen shrub that belongs to the Rubiaceae family. Its a native plant of tropical Asia. It has glossy dark green medium leaves. The flower of Ixora comes in a variety of colors like orange, pink, yellow, and red. The flowers bloom in clusters and each cluster holds 60 individual flowers in them. Ixora needs well-drained soil and full sunlight to survive. It requires regular watering. Ixora is suitable to grow in the garden but you can also plant them in pots. Ixora is also cultivated for its medicinal and ornamental uses. Some species of Ixora are used to treat tuberculosis, fever, dysentery, and headache.
6. Asiatic Lily
Asiatic Lily flowers are the first choice of a florist decorating a bouquet. They’re mainly found in temperate or subtropical regions. Their Bloom time is early to mid-summer. Its flowers come in a variety of colors like red, white, orange, yellow, and purple. Asiatic Lily plant is easy to grow and takes a small or narrow space to grow. They can be grown in pots as well as in the garden. Asiatic lily can survive in full sun as well as half shade. They grow up to 32-36 inches tall in height.
Bougainvillea is a perennial flowering plant that grows 30 feet in height. They grow as bushes, trees, and woody climber vine with curved thorns. Bougainvillea is a native of tropical and sub-tropical regions of Central as well as Southern America. But its found all around the world. Bougainvillea is the national flower of Grenada. It requires full sun to grow, regular watering and high-fertile soil to grow. It has colorful pink, orange, purple, salmon and yellow flowers.
Chrysanthemum is native to subtropical and temperate climatic areas of the World. They’re mainly found in Asia and northeastern Europe. Chrysanthemum is also known as mums or chrysanths. Chrysanthemum fall in the ornamental plant’s genus and Asteraceae family. It has about 100 varieties of species. It’s a perennial flower that blooms in the fall. Its flowers come in a variety of colors like orange, yellow, purple, red, and white. They’re short-lived perennials and need replanting every few years. According to NASA clean air study Chrysanthemum reduces indoor air pollution.
Begonias are a genus of perennial flowering plants that belong to family Begoniaceae. They are native to subtropical and tropical climatic region areas of the world. They bloom in the summertime in colorful flowers. Their flowers have sepals instead of petals, its because their petals look like sepals. Begonias require good watering and protection from direct sun. Because it’s delicate blossoms cannot tolerate full sunlight. They grow in Light, rich, humus soil and live for 2 to 3 years if taken good care.
The daylily is one of the best perennial flower plants to have in your garden. It belongs to genus Hemerocallis. The Daylily plant produces plenty of flower buds which blooms into lovely blossoms. It comes in varieties of colorful flowers like orange, pink, purple, red, white, and yellow. Daylily bloom in fall or summer. They vary from 1 foot to 8 feet in height and from 1 to 3 feet in width. They’re drought-tolerant and can survive in part sun, or under full Sun.
11. Impatiens walleriana
Impatiens walleriana belongs to the Balsaminaceae plant family and the Impatiens genus. Busy Lizzie, balsam, and sultana are the other names of Impatiens walleriana. Impatiens walleriana are the natives to Northern Hemisphere and the tropical climatic region areas. Their flowers come in white, pink, and red colors and they blossom from May until October. They grow in 15–60 cm in height. They survive under partial shade and good moist soil rich in organic matter.
Yarrow is the common name of Achillea millefolium. It is a perennial herb that belongs to the Asteraceae plant family. Yarrow is native to temperate regions of Asia, Europe, and North America. It’s well-known for its medicinal properties. It’s used to treat fever, common cold, irregular periods, diarrhea, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal tract discomfort, dysentery, and to induce sweating. It also treats hay fever, eczema, and upper-respiratory problems. Some people even chew their fresh leaves to get relief from a toothache. Yarrow is an adaptable plant that can tolerate drought, cold, and heat. They grow about 36-inches tall and produces white flowers.
Geranium is a genus flowering plant classified under the annual, biennial, and perennial plants category. Cranesbills is another name. They grow in the temperate climatic zones and the tropical mountains, and the Mediterranean region of the world. Their flowers have five petals and are in white, pink, purple or blue in color.
Geraniums grow in any sort of soil under the sunlight. They’re low maintenance best perennials that are also drought tolerant. They vary from 6 inches to 3 feet in height and up to 2 feet wide.
Vinca is a genus flowering plant that belongs to the Apocynaceae plant family. It’s native to Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia. They come in evergreen leaves, trailing vines with pink, red, white, purple and blue flowers. Vinca flower plants are drought tolerant and low maintenance perennials plants. They can grow in both partial shade and deep shade conditions. However, vinca produces more flowers when planted under the sun. Their height varies from 6 inches to 3 feet and they are 8-36 inches in width.
Pincushion Flower is one of the longest blooming perennial flower plants. They grow in 8 to 12 inches of height and 9 to 24 inches wide. Pincushion flowers come in blue, lavender, pink, and white colors. They are drought resistant that can grow in partial shade as well as under the sun. Pincushion flower plant prefers a rich and well-drained soil to grow.
How to grow perennial flower plants?
You can buy grown perennial plants from the nursery. They are planted in a pot that you can transplant to the ground. Also, you can buy perennial flower seeds that are also available online and then sow them in the ground. You can also plant them in a pot and then transplant it later in the ground. Before planting know about their size and blooming period. Not all perennials will bloom at the same time. So, for the best effect in your landscape or garden, plant different varieties of perennials flowers together at distant places in your garden.