Diwali – The Festival Of Lights
India is a country known as the land of festivals. One of the well-known and most celebrated festival in India is Diwali – The Festival of lights. Diwali is India’s biggest and most significant festival celebrated every year. It is celebrated on the 15th day of Krishna Paksha in the Kartik Month of Hindu calendar. It falls in the month of October or November after the 20 days of the festival of Dussehra.
Diwali 2017 will start on 18th October Wednesday and will continue for 5 days until the 22nd of October.
Diwali Festival is also known as Deepavali. Deepavali means the row of diyas or earthen lamps. Diwali signifies the victory of good over evil. According to Hindu Mythology, demon Ravana kidnapped Lord Rama’s wife Mata Sita in disguise of a sadhu during their exile and took her to his Kingdom Lanka. Lord Rama to bring her back, fought a battle with Ravana and defeated him. It is believed that Lord Rama returned to his kingdom Ayodhya after defeating Ravana and completing his 14 years exile. In their welcome people of Ayodhya showed their joy and happiness on their return to Ayodhya by lighting the earthen lamps in the whole kingdom. It is because of this reason Diwali is celebrated as the Festival of Lights and earthen lamps are lightened in every home in Diwali.
Diwali also symbolizes the welcoming of Lakshmi Mata – The Goddess Of Wealth. It is believed by people that buying new things during these days would bring home the Lakshmi.
Diwali celebrations last for five days which are celebrated with joy and delight. Each of the five days of Diwali celebration has its own religious and cultural values. The five days of Diwali celebrations include:
The first day is celebrated as Dhanteras. Dhan means wealth and teras mean the thirteenth day of Krishna Paksha. It is celebrated by worshiping the Goddess Lakshmi.
The second day is celebrated as the Naraka Chaturdashi or Kali Chaudas or Chhoti Diwali. On this day Lord Krishna, Satyabhama and Goddess Kali killed the demon Narkasur. Lord Krishna and Goddess Kali are also worshipped on this day.
The third day is celebrated as main Diwali Festival day by worshiping Goddess Lakshmi, distributing sweets and lightening earthen lamps.
The fourth day is celebrated as the Hindu New Year day – The beginning of Hindu New Year.
The fifth day is celebrated by brothers and sisters as Bhai Dooj. Sisters invite their brothers to their home to celebrate Bhai Dooj.
Diwali Festival is the start of New Year for Businessmen. Businessmen worship their accounts book on this day and start their new accounts.
People do whitewash and clean up their houses, offices, and shops before Diwali. They decorate their houses by lighting earthen lamps and tiny electric lights. People make beautiful rangoli designs in their house courtyard to welcome their relatives and guests. On New Year in the early morning, People visits Temples and pray to God for their happy and prosperous life. They wear new clothes, eat delicious foods, sweets, and share gifts with each other.
I believe that Diwali is a festival of lights and purity, not the festival of firecrackers. It is the festival of joy, not sorrow. So we should celebrate this festival without any harm to nature as well as animals. The use of noisy high pitch sound crackers causes noise pollution. The smoke produced by burning these crackers also causes health problems. So, it is very important to celebrate safe, happy and Eco-friendly Diwali Festival without firecrackers.
Diwali is a festival celebrated in every corner of the whole country. It is a festival of unity amongst the people of different culture and religion in India. Every festival in India has its own mythology and religious importance. People forget all their differences and celebrate these festivals with togetherness and joy. At last, I would like to wish all my readers A very Happy and Prosperous Diwali. May the heavenly light of Diwali diyas bring love, Peace, Prosperity, Happiness and Good Health in everyone’s life. Wish you all very Happy, Safe and Eco-Friendly Diwali.